Periodontics is the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal disease. "Peri" means around, and "odontal" refers to teeth. Periodontal diseases are infections of the structures around the teeth. The three stages of gum disease are gingivitis, periodontitis and advanced periodontitis. If left untreated, severe damage can be caused to your gums, underlying bone, and teeth, and periodontal disease has been linked to heart issues, stroke, diabetes, low birth weight babies, and respiratory issues. Periodontal treatment includes gum disease treatment, scaling, root planing, gum grafting, laser treatments, crown lengthening, pocket reduction, as well as plastic surgery procedures and the placement of dental implants. Good oral hygiene, brushing, flossing, and attending routine hygiene appointments are ways to prevent periodontal disease.